International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds

Countries Weeds Herbicides Mutations Graphs References Researchers
select
Weeds Resistant to ALS inhibitors (B/2)
by species and country
Weeds Resistant to ALS inhibitors (B/2)
by species and country
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Weeds Resistant to ALS inhibitors (B/2)
by species and country
#SpeciesCountryFirst Year
1 Ageratum conyzoides
Tropical Whiteweed
2013 - Brazil
2013319Ageratum conyzoidesTropical WhiteweedB32ALS inhibitors
2 Alisma canaliculatum
Hera-omodaka
2007 - Japan
2007300Alisma canaliculatumHera-omodakaB32ALS inhibitors
3 Alisma plantago-aquatica
Common Waterplantain
1994 - Italy
1995 - Portugal
2000 - Spain
2005 - Chile
2009 - Turkey
19944Alisma plantago-aquaticaCommon WaterplantainB32ALS inhibitors
4 Alopecurus aequalis
Shortawn Foxtail
2004 - Japan *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2006 - Japan
2014 - China *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2004264Alopecurus aequalisShortawn FoxtailB32ALS inhibitors
5 Alopecurus japonicus
Japanese Foxtail
2014 - China *Multiple - 2 SOA's
20145Alopecurus japonicusJapanese FoxtailB32ALS inhibitors
6 Alopecurus myosuroides
Blackgrass
1984 - United Kingdom
1996 - Belgium *Multiple - 5 SOA's
1999 - Netherlands *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2001 - Denmark *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2001 - Germany
2006 - France
2007 - Germany *Multiple - 4 SOA's
2008 - Czech Republic
2008 - Turkey *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2009 - Germany *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2010 - Netherlands
2010 - Poland
2011 - Sweden *Multiple - 3 SOA's
2012 - Poland *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2014 - Sweden *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2015 - Spain *Multiple - 3 SOA's
19846Alopecurus myosuroidesBlackgrassB32ALS inhibitors
7 Amaranthus blitoides
Prostrate Pigweed
1991 - Israel *Multiple - 2 SOA's
19919Amaranthus blitoidesProstrate PigweedB32ALS inhibitors
8 Amaranthus blitum (ssp. oleraceus)
Livid Amaranth
1993 - United States (New Jersey)
199313Amaranthus blitum (ssp. oleraceus)Livid AmaranthB32ALS inhibitors
9 Amaranthus hybridus (syn: quitensis)
Smooth Pigweed
1992 - United States (Kentucky)
1994 - United States (Virginia)
1996 - Argentina
1998 - United States (Illinois)
2000 - United States (Delaware)
2000 - United States (Illinois) *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2001 - United States (Ohio)
2002 - Bolivia
2002 - United States (Michigan)
2014 - Argentina *Multiple - 2 SOA's
199212Amaranthus hybridus (syn: quitensis)Smooth PigweedB32ALS inhibitors
10 Amaranthus palmeri
Palmer Amaranth
1993 - United States (Kansas)
1994 - United States (Arkansas)
1994 - United States (Tennessee)
1995 - United States (North Carolina)
1997 - United States (South Carolina)
2000 - United States (Georgia)
2008 - Israel
2008 - United States (Florida)
2008 - United States (Georgia) *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2008 - United States (Mississippi) *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2009 - United States (Kansas) *Multiple - 3 SOA's
2009 - United States (Tennessee) *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2010 - United States (Georgia) *Multiple - 3 SOA's
2010 - United States (South Carolina) *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2012 - United States (Arizona) *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2013 - United States (Florida) *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2013 - United States (Illinois)
2013 - United States (Illinois) *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2014 - United States (Delaware) *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2014 - United States (Maryland) *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2016 - Brazil *Multiple - 2 SOA's
199314Amaranthus palmeriPalmer AmaranthB32ALS inhibitors
11 Amaranthus powellii
Powell Amaranth
1996 - United States (Ohio)
1998 - Canada (Ontario)
1998 - Canada (Ontario) *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2008 - Canada (Manitoba)
199615Amaranthus powelliiPowell AmaranthB32ALS inhibitors
12 Amaranthus retroflexus
Redroot Pigweed
1991 - Israel
1995 - United States (Arkansas)
1998 - Canada (Ontario)
1998 - United States (Maryland)
1998 - United States (Pennsylvania) *Multiple - 2 SOA's
1999 - United States (North Dakota)
2002 - Canada (Manitoba)
2002 - Serbia
2003 - Italy
2010 - Canada (Saskatchewan)
2011 - Brazil *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2012 - Brazil
2012 - Germany
199116Amaranthus retroflexusRedroot PigweedB32ALS inhibitors
13 Amaranthus tuberculatus (=A. rudis)
Tall Waterhemp
1993 - United States (Illinois)
1993 - United States (Iowa)
1994 - United States (Minnesota)
1994 - United States (Missouri)
1995 - United States (Kansas)
1996 - United States (Illinois) *Multiple - 2 SOA's
1996 - United States (Ohio)
1999 - United States (Wisconsin)
2000 - United States (Michigan)
2001 - United States (Kansas) *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2002 - Canada (Ontario) *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2002 - Canada (Ontario)
2002 - United States (Illinois) *Multiple - 3 SOA's
2002 - United States (Oklahoma)
2005 - United States (Indiana)
2005 - United States (Missouri) *Multiple - 3 SOA's
2006 - United States (Illinois) *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2007 - United States (Minnesota) *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2007 - United States (Tennessee)
2009 - United States (Illinois) *Multiple - 3 SOA's
2009 - United States (Illinois) *Multiple - 4 SOA's
2009 - United States (Iowa) *Multiple - 3 SOA's
2009 - United States (Missouri) *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2011 - United States (Iowa) *Multiple - 4 SOA's
2014 - Canada (Ontario) *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2016 - United States (Illinois) *Multiple - 5 SOA's
1993219Amaranthus tuberculatus (=A. rudis)Tall WaterhempB32ALS inhibitors
14 Amaranthus viridis
Slender Amaranth
2011 - Brazil *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2011287Amaranthus viridisSlender AmaranthB32ALS inhibitors
15 Ambrosia artemisiifolia
Common Ragweed
1998 - United States (Illinois)
1998 - United States (Indiana)
1998 - United States (Michigan)
1998 - United States (Minnesota)
1998 - United States (Ohio)
2000 - Canada (Ontario)
2005 - United States (Delaware) *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2006 - United States (North Carolina)
2006 - United States (Ohio) *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2006 - United States (Ohio) *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2010 - United States (Minnesota) *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2012 - Canada (Ontario) *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2013 - United States (Wisconsin)
2015 - United States (North Carolina) *Multiple - 3 SOA's
199818Ambrosia artemisiifoliaCommon RagweedB32ALS inhibitors
16 Ambrosia trifida
Giant Ragweed
1998 - United States (Illinois)
1998 - United States (Indiana)
1998 - United States (Ohio)
2000 - United States (Iowa)
2006 - United States (Ohio) *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2008 - United States (Minnesota) *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2011 - Canada (Ontario) *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2011 - United States (Missouri) *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2013 - United States (Wisconsin)
1998184Ambrosia trifidaGiant RagweedB32ALS inhibitors
17 Ammannia auriculata
Eared Redstem
1997 - United States (California)
1997183Ammannia auriculataEared RedstemB32ALS inhibitors
18 Ammannia coccinea
Redstem
2000 - United States (California)
2004 - Japan
2000209Ammannia coccineaRedstemB32ALS inhibitors
19 Anthemis arvensis
Corn Chamomile
2010 - Chile
2010268Anthemis arvensisCorn ChamomileB32ALS inhibitors
20 Anthemis cotula
Mayweed Chamomile
1997 - United States (Idaho)
2010 - Chile
2010 - United States (Washington)
199719Anthemis cotulaMayweed ChamomileB32ALS inhibitors
21 Apera spica-venti
Silky Windgrass
2005 - Czech Republic *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2005 - Germany
2005 - Poland
2006 - France
2009 - Austria *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2009 - Germany *Multiple - 3 SOA's
2010 - Sweden
2011 - Denmark
2011 - Poland *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2013 - Lithuania
2015 - Latvia
200520Apera spica-ventiSilky WindgrassB32ALS inhibitors
22 Avena fatua
Wild Oat
1986 - South Africa *Multiple - 2 SOA's
1994 - Canada (Manitoba) *Multiple - 3 SOA's
1994 - United Kingdom *Multiple - 3 SOA's
1996 - Canada (Saskatchewan)
1996 - Canada (Saskatchewan) *Multiple - 3 SOA's
1996 - United States (Montana)
1996 - United States (North Dakota)
1997 - Canada (Manitoba)
1997 - Canada (Manitoba) *Multiple - 4 SOA's
1998 - Canada (Alberta)
1998 - Canada (Alberta) *Multiple - 3 SOA's
2006 - Australia (New South Wales ) *Multiple - 3 SOA's
2006 - France
2009 - Germany *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2011 - Poland
2011 - Poland *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2011 - United States (South Dakota)
2012 - United States (South Dakota) *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2015 - Canada (Manitoba) *Multiple - 5 SOA's
198628Avena fatuaWild OatB32ALS inhibitors
23 Avena sterilis
Sterile Oat
1993 - United Kingdom *Multiple - 3 SOA's
2004 - Italy *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2006 - France
2007 - Italy
2008 - Turkey *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2009 - Iran
199329Avena sterilisSterile OatB32ALS inhibitors
24 Avena sterilis ssp. ludoviciana
Sterile oat
2005 - Australia (South Australia)
2009 - Iran
2010 - Iran *Multiple - 2 SOA's
200530Avena sterilis ssp. ludovicianaSterile oatB32ALS inhibitors
25 Bacopa rotundifolia
Disc Waterhyssop
2000 - Malaysia
2007 - Japan
2000213Bacopa rotundifoliaDisc WaterhyssopB32ALS inhibitors
26 Bidens pilosa
Hairy Beggarticks
1993 - Brazil
2016 - Brazil *Multiple - 2 SOA's
199332Bidens pilosaHairy BeggarticksB32ALS inhibitors
27 Bidens subalternans
Greater Beggarticks
1996 - Brazil
2006 - Brazil *Multiple - 2 SOA's
1996194Bidens subalternansGreater BeggarticksB32ALS inhibitors
28 Bifora radians
Wild Bishop
2008 - Turkey
2008322Bifora radiansWild BishopB32ALS inhibitors
29 Blyxa aubertii
Roundfruit Blyxa
2006 - South Korea
2006308Blyxa aubertiiRoundfruit BlyxaB32ALS inhibitors
30 Brassica tournefortii
African Mustard
1992 - Australia (Western Australia)
1996 - Australia (South Australia)
199237Brassica tournefortiiAfrican MustardB32ALS inhibitors
31 Bromus diandrus
Ripgut Brome
2011 - Australia (South Australia)
2011197Bromus diandrusRipgut BromeB32ALS inhibitors
32 Bromus diandrus ssp. rigidus (=B. rigidus)
Rigid Brome
2011 - Australia (South Australia)
2011 - Australia (Western Australia)
201138Bromus diandrus ssp. rigidus (=B. rigidus)Rigid BromeB32ALS inhibitors
33 Bromus japonicus
Japanese Brome
2007 - United States (Kansas)
2007246Bromus japonicusJapanese BromeB32ALS inhibitors
34 Bromus secalinus
Cheat (Rye Brome)
2007 - United States (Kansas)
2009 - United States (Oklahoma)
2007245Bromus secalinusCheat (Rye Brome)B32ALS inhibitors
35 Bromus sterilis
Poverty Brome
2009 - France
2009289Bromus sterilisPoverty BromeB32ALS inhibitors
36 Bromus tectorum
Downy Brome (Cheatgrass)
1997 - United States (Oregon)
2016 - United States (Montana)
199740Bromus tectorumDowny Brome (Cheatgrass)B32ALS inhibitors
37 Buglossoides arvensis (=Lithospermum arvense)
Corn Gromwell
2009 - China
2009274Buglossoides arvensis (=Lithospermum arvense)Corn GromwellB32ALS inhibitors
38 Camelina microcarpa
Smallseed Flaxfalse
1999 - United States (Oregon)
1999207Camelina microcarpaSmallseed FlaxfalseB32ALS inhibitors
39 Capsella bursa-pastoris
Shepherd's-purse
2000 - Israel
2008 - Canada (Saskatchewan)
2009 - China
2011 - Canada (Alberta)
2012 - Denmark
200041Capsella bursa-pastorisShepherd's-purseB32ALS inhibitors
40 Centaurea cyanus
Cornflower
2010 - Poland
2010277Centaurea cyanusCornflowerB32ALS inhibitors
41 Chamaesyce maculata
Spotted Spurge
2014 - United States (Georgia)
2014332Chamaesyce maculataSpotted SpurgeB32ALS inhibitors
42 Chenopodium album
Common Lambsquarters
2001 - Canada (Ontario)
2001 - United States (Michigan)
2001 - United States (Ohio)
2007 - Serbia
2009 - Canada (Saskatchewan)
2015 - Finland
200147Chenopodium albumCommon LambsquartersB32ALS inhibitors
43 Chrysanthemum coronarium
Crown daisy
2000 - Israel
2000228Chrysanthemum coronariumCrown daisyB32ALS inhibitors
44 Clidemia hirta
Soapbush
2010 - Malaysia
2010311Clidemia hirtaSoapbushB32ALS inhibitors
45 Conyza bonariensis
Hairy Fleabane
1993 - Israel
199360Conyza bonariensisHairy FleabaneB32ALS inhibitors
46 Conyza canadensis
Horseweed
1993 - Israel *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2000 - Poland
2001 - United States (Ohio)
2002 - United States (Michigan)
2003 - United States (Ohio) *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2005 - United States (Indiana)
2010 - United States (Delaware) *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2011 - Canada (Ontario) *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2011 - United States (Kansas)
2013 - United States (Illinois)
199361Conyza canadensisHorseweedB32ALS inhibitors
47 Conyza sumatrensis
Sumatran Fleabane
2011 - Brazil
2011 - Brazil *Multiple - 2 SOA's
201165Conyza sumatrensisSumatran FleabaneB32ALS inhibitors
48 Crepis tectorum
Narrowleaf Hawksbeard
2011 - Canada (Alberta)
2011271Crepis tectorumNarrowleaf HawksbeardB32ALS inhibitors
49 Cuscuta pentagona (=C. campestris)
Field Dodder
1994 - Israel
199469Cuscuta pentagona (=C. campestris)Field DodderB32ALS inhibitors
50 Cynosurus echinatus
Hedgehog Dogtailgrass
2004 - Chile *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2004205Cynosurus echinatusHedgehog DogtailgrassB32ALS inhibitors
51 Cyperus brevifolius
Shortleaf Spikesedge
2010 - Japan
2010303Cyperus brevifoliusShortleaf SpikesedgeB32ALS inhibitors
52 Cyperus compressus
Annual Sedge
2015 - United States (Alabama)
2015329Cyperus compressusAnnual SedgeB32ALS inhibitors
53 Cyperus difformis
Smallflower Umbrella Sedge
1993 - United States (California)
1994 - Australia (New South Wales )
1999 - Italy
2000 - Brazil
2000 - Spain
2002 - South Korea
2009 - Greece
2010 - Turkey
2010 - United States (Arkansas)
199371Cyperus difformisSmallflower Umbrella SedgeB32ALS inhibitors
54 Cyperus esculentus
Yellow Nutsedge
2013 - United States (Arkansas)
2013290Cyperus esculentusYellow NutsedgeB32ALS inhibitors
55 Cyperus iria
Rice Flatsedge
2010 - United States (Arkansas)
2013 - United States (Louisiana)
2014 - Brazil
2015 - Venezuela
2010266Cyperus iriaRice FlatsedgeB32ALS inhibitors
56 Cyperus odoratus
Fragrant Flatsedge
2014 - Venezuela
2014317Cyperus odoratusFragrant FlatsedgeB32ALS inhibitors
57 Damasonium minus
Starfruit
1994 - Australia (New South Wales )
199474Damasonium minusStarfruitB32ALS inhibitors
58 Datura stramonium
Jimsonweed
2004 - Serbia
200475Datura stramoniumJimsonweedB32ALS inhibitors
59 Descurainia sophia
Flixweed
2005 - China
2006 - United States (Kansas)
2005237Descurainia sophiaFlixweedB32ALS inhibitors
60 Digitaria sanguinalis
Large Crabgrass
1993 - Australia (South Australia) *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2010 - China
2015 - France
199377Digitaria sanguinalisLarge CrabgrassB32ALS inhibitors
61 Diplotaxis erucoides
White Wallrocket
2012 - Israel
2012285Diplotaxis erucoidesWhite WallrocketB32ALS inhibitors
62 Diplotaxis tenuifolia
Perennial Wallrocket
2004 - Australia (South Australia)
2004227Diplotaxis tenuifoliaPerennial WallrocketB32ALS inhibitors
63 Dopatrium junceum
Dopatrium
2007 - Japan
2007302Dopatrium junceumDopatriumB32ALS inhibitors
64 Echinochloa colona
Junglerice
1998 - Costa Rica *Multiple - 3 SOA's
2006 - Bolivia
2010 - Venezuela *Multiple - 3 SOA's
2011 - United States (Arkansas) *Multiple - 3 SOA's
2012 - Egypt
2013 - Costa Rica *Multiple - 2 SOA's
199878Echinochloa colonaJunglericeB32ALS inhibitors
65 Echinochloa crus-galli var. crus-galli
Barnyardgrass
2002 - Serbia
2005 - Italy
2008 - South Korea *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2009 - Brazil *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2009 - Italy *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2009 - Turkey *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2011 - Austria
2011 - China
2011 - United States (Mississippi) *Multiple - 4 SOA's
2012 - Germany
2013 - France
2013 - United States (Louisiana)
2013 - Uruguay
2015 - Brazil *Multiple - 3 SOA's
2015 - Spain
200279Echinochloa crus-galli var. crus-galliBarnyardgrassB32ALS inhibitors
66 Echinochloa crus-galli var. formosensis
Taiwan barnyardgrass
2010 - Japan *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2010304Echinochloa crus-galli var. formosensisTaiwan barnyardgrassB32ALS inhibitors
67 Echinochloa oryzoides
Early Watergrass
2009 - Turkey *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2009261Echinochloa oryzoidesEarly WatergrassB32ALS inhibitors
68 Echinochloa phyllopogon (=E. oryzicola)
Late Watergrass
2006 - South Korea *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2009 - Greece
2013 - France
2006178Echinochloa phyllopogon (=E. oryzicola)Late WatergrassB32ALS inhibitors
69 Echium plantagineum
Patersons Curse
1997 - Australia (South Australia)
1997 - Australia (Western Australia)
2015 - Brazil
1997186Echium plantagineumPatersons CurseB32ALS inhibitors
70 Elatine triandra var. pedicellata
Mizohakobe (Waterwort)
1997 - Japan
1997210Elatine triandra var. pedicellataMizohakobe (Waterwort)B32ALS inhibitors
71 Eleocharis acicularis
Needle Spikerush
2006 - South Korea
2008 - Japan
2006295Eleocharis acicularisNeedle SpikerushB32ALS inhibitors
72 Eleusine indica
Goosegrass
1989 - Costa Rica
198981Eleusine indicaGoosegrassB32ALS inhibitors
73 Erucaria hispanica
Spanish Pink Mustard
2012 - Israel
2012286Erucaria hispanicaSpanish Pink MustardB32ALS inhibitors
74 Erysimum repandum
Bushy Wallflower
2005 - United States (Kansas)
2005247Erysimum repandumBushy WallflowerB32ALS inhibitors
75 Euphorbia heterophylla
Wild Poinsettia
1993 - Brazil
1995 - Paraguay
2004 - Brazil *Multiple - 2 SOA's
199387Euphorbia heterophyllaWild PoinsettiaB32ALS inhibitors
76 Fimbristylis miliacea
Globe Fringerush
2001 - Brazil
2010 - Venezuela
200190Fimbristylis miliaceaGlobe FringerushB32ALS inhibitors
77 Galeopsis tetrahit
Common Hempnettle
1995 - Canada (Manitoba)
2006 - Canada (Alberta)
199591Galeopsis tetrahitCommon HempnettleB32ALS inhibitors
78 Galium aparine
Catchweed Bedstraw
2007 - China
2008 - Turkey
2016 - Iran
2007272Galium aparineCatchweed BedstrawB32ALS inhibitors
79 Galium spurium
False Cleavers
1996 - Canada (Alberta) *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2006 - Canada (Saskatchewan)
2008 - Canada (Manitoba)
199693Galium spuriumFalse CleaversB32ALS inhibitors
80 Galium tricornutum
Threehorn Bedstraw
2012 - Australia (South Australia)
2012306Galium tricornutumThreehorn BedstrawB32ALS inhibitors
81 Helianthus annuus
Common Sunflower
1996 - United States (Kansas)
1996 - United States (Missouri)
1996 - United States (South Dakota)
1997 - United States (Iowa)
2009 - France
199695Helianthus annuusCommon SunflowerB32ALS inhibitors
82 Hirschfeldia incana
Shortpod Mustard
2013 - Argentina
2013328Hirschfeldia incanaShortpod MustardB32ALS inhibitors
83 Hordeum murinum ssp. glaucum
Smooth Barley
2005 - Australia (Western Australia)
200597Hordeum murinum ssp. glaucumSmooth BarleyB32ALS inhibitors
84 Ischaemum rugosum
Saramollagrass
2004 - Venezuela *Multiple - 3 SOA's
200499Ischaemum rugosumSaramollagrassB32ALS inhibitors
85 Iva xanthifolia
Marshelder
2003 - United States (North Dakota)
2003229Iva xanthifoliaMarshelderB32ALS inhibitors
86 Ixophorus unisetus
Pasto Honduras (Mexicangrass)
1988 - Costa Rica
2014 - Mexico
1988100Ixophorus unisetusPasto Honduras (Mexicangrass)B32ALS inhibitors
87 Kochia scoparia
Kochia
1987 - United States (Kansas)
1987 - United States (North Dakota)
1988 - Canada (Manitoba)
1988 - Canada (Saskatchewan)
1988 - United States (New Mexico)
1988 - United States (South Dakota)
1989 - Canada (Alberta)
1989 - United States (Colorado)
1989 - United States (Idaho)
1989 - United States (Montana)
1989 - United States (Washington)
1992 - United States (Oklahoma)
1993 - United States (Oregon)
1994 - United States (Minnesota)
1995 - United States (Illinois) *Multiple - 2 SOA's
1995 - United States (Indiana) *Multiple - 2 SOA's
1995 - United States (Wisconsin)
1996 - Czech Republic *Multiple - 2 SOA's
1996 - United States (Wyoming)
1998 - United States (Texas)
1998 - United States (Utah)
2005 - United States (Michigan)
2012 - Canada (Alberta) *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2012 - Canada (Saskatchewan) *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2013 - United States (Kansas) *Multiple - 4 SOA's
2013 - United States (Montana) *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2014 - Canada (Manitoba) *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2015 - Canada (Saskatchewan) *Multiple - 2 SOA's
1987101Kochia scopariaKochiaB32ALS inhibitors
88 Lactuca serriola
Prickly Lettuce
1987 - United States (Idaho)
1993 - United States (Oregon)
1993 - United States (Washington)
1994 - Australia (South Australia)
2009 - Australia (Victoria)
1987102Lactuca serriolaPrickly LettuceB32ALS inhibitors
89 Lamium amplexicaule
Henbit Deadnettle
2014 - United States (Kansas)
2014323Lamium amplexicauleHenbit DeadnettleB32ALS inhibitors
90 Limnocharis flava
Sawah Flowering Rush
1998 - Malaysia *Multiple - 2 SOA's
1998104Limnocharis flavaSawah Flowering RushB32ALS inhibitors
91 Limnophila erecta
Marshweed
2002 - Malaysia *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2002226Limnophila erectaMarshweedB32ALS inhibitors
92 Limnophila sessiliflora
Limnophila (Asian marshweed)
1996 - Japan
1996105Limnophila sessilifloraLimnophila (Asian marshweed)B32ALS inhibitors
93 Lindernia dubia (=Lindernia dubia var. major)
Low False-pimpernel
1995 - Japan
2000 - South Korea
1995106Lindernia dubia (=Lindernia dubia var. major)Low False-pimpernelB32ALS inhibitors
94 Lindernia micrantha
Azetogarashi (Japanese)
1996 - Japan
1996108Lindernia micranthaAzetogarashi (Japanese)B32ALS inhibitors
95 Lindernia procumbens
Common False-pimpernel; Azena (Japanese)
1996 - Japan
1996109Lindernia procumbensCommon False-pimpernel; Azena (Japanese)B32ALS inhibitors
96 Lolium perenne
Perennial Ryegrass
1989 - United States (California)
1989 - United States (Texas)
2008 - Germany *Multiple - 2 SOA's
1989111Lolium perennePerennial RyegrassB32ALS inhibitors
97 Lolium perenne ssp. multiflorum
Italian Ryegrass
1995 - United States (Arkansas) *Multiple - 2 SOA's
1995 - United States (Mississippi)
2002 - Chile *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2002 - Italy *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2003 - United States (Arkansas)
2005 - Chile *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2005 - Italy
2005 - United States (Idaho) *Multiple - 3 SOA's
2007 - Chile *Multiple - 3 SOA's
2007 - United States (North Carolina)
2007 - United States (North Carolina) *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2009 - United States (Georgia) *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2010 - Argentina *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2010 - Brazil
2010 - Denmark *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2010 - United States (South Carolina) *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2012 - Italy *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2012 - United Kingdom
2012 - United States (Delaware)
2013 - United States (Kentucky)
2013 - United States (Missouri) *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2016 - Brazil *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2017 - Brazil *Multiple - 2 SOA's
1995110Lolium perenne ssp. multiflorumItalian RyegrassB32ALS inhibitors
98 Lolium rigidum
Rigid Ryegrass
1982 - Australia (South Australia) *Multiple - 7 SOA's
1982 - Australia (Western Australia) *Multiple - 3 SOA's
1984 - Australia (Victoria) *Multiple - 3 SOA's
1984 - Australia (Western Australia)
1985 - Australia (New South Wales ) *Multiple - 3 SOA's
1993 - South Africa *Multiple - 2 SOA's
1999 - Australia (Victoria) *Multiple - 4 SOA's
2003 - Chile *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2006 - France
2007 - Israel *Multiple - 3 SOA's
2009 - Greece
2010 - Australia (South Australia) *Multiple - 5 SOA's
2013 - Israel *Multiple - 2 SOA's
1982112Lolium rigidumRigid RyegrassB32ALS inhibitors
99 Ludwigia prostrata
False Loosestrife
2011 - South Korea
2011309Ludwigia prostrataFalse LoosestrifeB32ALS inhibitors
100 Matricaria recutita (= M. chamomilla)
Wild Chamomile
2008 - Germany
2012 - Belgium
2014 - Poland
2008248Matricaria recutita (= M. chamomilla)Wild ChamomileB32ALS inhibitors
101 Mesembryanthemum crystallinum
Crystalline Iceplant
2005 - Australia (South Australia)
2005234Mesembryanthemum crystallinumCrystalline IceplantB32ALS inhibitors
102 Monochoria korsakowii
Mizuaoi (JPN)/Moolokzam (KOR)
1994 - Japan
1998 - South Korea
2003 - China
1994118Monochoria korsakowiiMizuaoi (JPN)/Moolokzam (KOR)B32ALS inhibitors
103 Monochoria vaginalis
Arrowleafed Monochoria
1998 - Japan
1999 - South Korea
2010 - China
1998202Monochoria vaginalisArrowleafed MonochoriaB32ALS inhibitors
104 Myosoton aquaticum
Water Starwort
2010 - China
2010273Myosoton aquaticumWater StarwortB32ALS inhibitors
105 Neslia paniculata
Ball Mustard
1998 - Canada (Alberta)
1998189Neslia paniculataBall MustardB32ALS inhibitors
106 Oryza sativa var. sylvatica
Red Rice
2002 - United States (Arkansas)
2006 - Brazil
2010 - Costa Rica
2010 - Italy
2013 - Greece
2002242Oryza sativa var. sylvaticaRed RiceB32ALS inhibitors
107 Papaver rhoeas
Corn Poppy
1993 - Spain *Multiple - 2 SOA's
1998 - Greece
1998 - Italy
1998 - Italy *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2001 - United Kingdom
2003 - Denmark
2007 - France
2011 - Sweden
2012 - Germany
2014 - Belgium
2014 - Poland
2016 - France *Multiple - 2 SOA's
1993123Papaver rhoeasCorn PoppyB32ALS inhibitors
108 Parthenium hysterophorus
Ragweed Parthenium
2004 - Brazil
2004124Parthenium hysterophorusRagweed PartheniumB32ALS inhibitors
109 Pentzia suffruticosa
Calomba daisy
2004 - Australia (South Australia)
2004231Pentzia suffruticosaCalomba daisyB32ALS inhibitors
110 Phalaris brachystachys
Shortspike Canarygrass
2008 - Turkey *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2008244Phalaris brachystachysShortspike CanarygrassB32ALS inhibitors
111 Phalaris minor
Little seed Canary grass
1999 - South Africa *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2006 - India *Multiple - 3 SOA's
2013 - India
1999127Phalaris minorLittle seed Canary grassB32ALS inhibitors
112 Phalaris paradoxa
Hood Canarygrass
2012 - Australia (New South Wales ) *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2012128Phalaris paradoxaHood CanarygrassB32ALS inhibitors
113 Picris hieracioides
Hawkweed Oxtongue
2000 - Russia
2000314Picris hieracioidesHawkweed OxtongueB32ALS inhibitors
114 Poa annua
Annual Bluegrass
2012 - United States (Alabama)
2013 - United States (Tennessee) *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2014 - United States (Mississippi)
2012130Poa annuaAnnual BluegrassB32ALS inhibitors
115 Polygonum convolvulus (=Fallopia convolvulus)
Wild Buckwheat
1993 - Australia (Queensland)
2007 - Canada (Alberta)
199388Polygonum convolvulus (=Fallopia convolvulus)Wild BuckwheatB32ALS inhibitors
116 Polygonum lapathifolium
Pale Smartweed
2009 - Canada (Manitoba)
2014 - Canada (Alberta)
2009134Polygonum lapathifoliumPale SmartweedB32ALS inhibitors
117 Polygonum persicaria
Ladysthumb
2009 - Norway
2009136Polygonum persicariaLadysthumbB32ALS inhibitors
118 Ranunculus acris
Tall Buttercup
2010 - New Zealand
2010 - New Zealand *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2010140Ranunculus acrisTall ButtercupB32ALS inhibitors
119 Raphanus raphanistrum
Wild Radish
1997 - Australia (Western Australia)
1997 - South Africa
1998 - Australia (South Australia)
1998 - Australia (Western Australia) *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2004 - Australia (New South Wales )
2006 - Australia (South Australia) *Multiple - 3 SOA's
2009 - Australia (Victoria) *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2010 - Australia (Western Australia) *Multiple - 4 SOA's
2013 - Brazil
1997141Raphanus raphanistrumWild RadishB32ALS inhibitors
120 Raphanus sativus
Radish
2001 - Brazil
2008 - Argentina
2010 - Chile
2001224Raphanus sativusRadishB32ALS inhibitors
121 Rapistrum rugosum
Turnipweed
1996 - Australia (Queensland)
2010 - Iran
1996142Rapistrum rugosumTurnipweedB32ALS inhibitors
122 Rorippa indica
Variableleaf Yellowcress
2011 - China
2011282Rorippa indicaVariableleaf Yellowcress B32ALS inhibitors
123 Rotala indica var. uliginosa
Kikashigusa
1997 - Japan
1997214Rotala indica var. uliginosaKikashigusaB32ALS inhibitors
124 Rotala pusilla
Mizu-matsuba
2007 - Japan
2007301Rotala pusillaMizu-matsubaB32ALS inhibitors
125 Rottboellia cochinchinensis (=R. exaltata)
Itchgrass
2004 - Venezuela
2004265Rottboellia cochinchinensis (=R. exaltata)ItchgrassB32ALS inhibitors
126 Rumex dentatus
Toothed Dock
2014 - India
2014320Rumex dentatusToothed DockB32ALS inhibitors
127 Sagittaria guyanensis
Guyanese Arrowhead
2000 - Malaysia
2000215Sagittaria guyanensisGuyanese ArrowheadB32ALS inhibitors
128 Sagittaria montevidensis
California Arrowhead
1993 - United States (California)
1994 - Australia (New South Wales )
1999 - Brazil
2003 - China
2009 - Brazil *Multiple - 2 SOA's
1993146Sagittaria montevidensisCalifornia ArrowheadB32ALS inhibitors
129 Sagittaria pygmaea
Dwarf Arrowhead
2004 - South Korea
2006 - Japan
2004230Sagittaria pygmaeaDwarf ArrowheadB32ALS inhibitors
130 Sagittaria trifolia
Threeleaf Arrowhead
1997 - Japan
2011 - South Korea
1997294Sagittaria trifoliaThreeleaf ArrowheadB32ALS inhibitors
131 Salsola tragus
Russian-thistle
1987 - United States (Montana)
1987 - United States (Washington)
1989 - Canada (Saskatchewan)
1990 - United States (Idaho)
1993 - United States (Oregon)
1994 - United States (California)
2007 - Canada (Alberta)
1987147Salsola tragusRussian-thistleB32ALS inhibitors
132 Schoenoplectus fluviatilis
River Bulrush
2004 - South Korea
2004307Schoenoplectus fluviatilisRiver BulrushB32ALS inhibitors
133 Schoenoplectus juncoides
Rock Bulrush
1996 - Japan
2001 - South Korea
1996196Schoenoplectus juncoidesRock BulrushB32ALS inhibitors
134 Schoenoplectus mucronatus (=Scirpus mucronatus)
Ricefield Bulrush
1995 - Italy
1997 - United States (California)
2005 - Chile
1995182Schoenoplectus mucronatus (=Scirpus mucronatus)Ricefield BulrushB32ALS inhibitors
135 Schoenoplectus wallichii
Taiwan-yamai
2000 - Japan
2000299Schoenoplectus wallichiiTaiwan-yamaiB32ALS inhibitors
136 Senecio vernalis
Eastern Groundsel
2014 - Israel *Multiple - 5 SOA's
2014327Senecio vernalisEastern GroundselB32ALS inhibitors
137 Senecio vulgaris
Common Groundsel
2009 - France
2009148Senecio vulgarisCommon GroundselB32ALS inhibitors
138 Setaria faberi
Giant Foxtail
1996 - United States (Minnesota)
1999 - United States (Wisconsin)
2003 - Canada (Ontario)
2004 - United States (Indiana)
2004 - United States (Pennsylvania)
2006 - United States (Michigan)
2007 - United States (Illinois)
1996149Setaria faberiGiant FoxtailB32ALS inhibitors
139 Setaria pumila (=S. glauca)
Yellow Foxtail
1997 - United States (Minnesota)
1997150Setaria pumila (=S. glauca)Yellow FoxtailB32ALS inhibitors
140 Setaria viridis
Green Foxtail
1999 - United States (Wisconsin)
2001 - Canada (Ontario)
2002 - Canada (Manitoba)
2011 - France
1999153Setaria viridisGreen FoxtailB32ALS inhibitors
141 Setaria viridis var. major (=var. robusta-alba, var. robustapurpurea)
Giant Green Foxtail
1996 - United States (Minnesota)
1996155Setaria viridis var. major (=var. robusta-alba, var. robustapurpurea)Giant Green FoxtailB32ALS inhibitors
142 Sida spinosa
Prickly Sida
1993 - United States (Georgia)
1993157Sida spinosaPrickly SidaB32ALS inhibitors
143 Silene gallica
English Catchfly
2012 - Chile
2012279Silene gallicaEnglish CatchflyB32ALS inhibitors
144 Sinapis alba
White Mustard
2007 - Spain
2012 - Cyprus
2007241Sinapis albaWhite MustardB32ALS inhibitors
145 Sinapis arvensis
Wild Mustard
1992 - Canada (Manitoba)
1993 - Canada (Alberta)
1996 - Australia (New South Wales )
1999 - United States (North Dakota)
2001 - Turkey
2002 - Canada (Saskatchewan)
2006 - Italy
2008 - Turkey *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2009 - Iran
2011 - Spain
1992158Sinapis arvensisWild MustardB32ALS inhibitors
146 Sisymbrium orientale
Oriental Mustard
1990 - Australia (South Australia)
1993 - Australia (Queensland)
1994 - Australia (New South Wales )
1994 - Australia (Western Australia)
2005 - Australia (South Australia) *Multiple - 2 SOA's
2010 - Australia (Victoria)
1990159Sisymbrium orientaleOriental MustardB32ALS inhibitors
147 Sisymbrium thellungii
African Turnipweed
1996 - Australia (Queensland)
1996160Sisymbrium thellungiiAfrican TurnipweedB32ALS inhibitors
148 Solanum ptycanthum
Eastern Black Nightshade
1999 - United States (Illinois)
1999 - United States (North Dakota)
1999 - United States (Wisconsin)
2000 - Canada (Ontario)
1999190Solanum ptycanthumEastern Black NightshadeB32ALS inhibitors
149 Sonchus asper
Spiny Sowthistle
1996 - Canada (Alberta)
2000 - United States (Washington)
2006 - Norway
2015 - France
1996163Sonchus asperSpiny SowthistleB32ALS inhibitors
150 Sonchus oleraceus
Annual Sowthistle
1990 - Australia (Queensland)
2010 - Australia (Victoria)
2015 - Australia (South Australia)
1990164Sonchus oleraceusAnnual SowthistleB32ALS inhibitors
151 Sorghum bicolor
Shattercane
1994 - United States (Nebraska)
1996 - United States (Kansas)
1998 - United States (Iowa)
2000 - United States (Illinois)
2000 - United States (Ohio)
2001 - United States (Pennsylvania)
2003 - United States (Virginia)
2006 - United States (Indiana)
1994165Sorghum bicolorShattercaneB32ALS inhibitors
152 Sorghum halepense
Johnsongrass
2000 - United States (Texas)
2004 - United States (West Virginia)
2005 - United States (Indiana)
2006 - United States (Kentucky)
2007 - Italy
2009 - Chile
2009 - Mexico
2010 - Venezuela
2014 - Serbia
2015 - Spain
2000166Sorghum halepenseJohnsongrassB32ALS inhibitors
153 Spergula arvensis
Corn Spurry
2006 - Norway
2006326Spergula arvensisCorn SpurryB32ALS inhibitors
154 Stellaria media
Common Chickweed
1988 - Canada (Alberta)
1991 - Denmark
1995 - New Zealand
1995 - Sweden
1996 - Ireland
2000 - United Kingdom
2002 - Norway
2002 - South Africa
2005 - Canada (Saskatchewan)
2008 - Canada (Manitoba)
2008 - United States (Virginia)
2009 - United States (Maryland)
2010 - United States (Pennsylvania)
2011 - Germany
2012 - France
2012 - United States (Delaware)
2013 - Belgium
2013 - Finland
2013 - United States (Kentucky)
2016 - Latvia
1988168Stellaria mediaCommon ChickweedB32ALS inhibitors
155 Thlaspi arvense
Field Pennycress
2001 - Canada (Alberta)
2008 - Canada (Manitoba)
2009 - Canada (Saskatchewan)
2001204Thlaspi arvenseField PennycressB32ALS inhibitors
156 Tripleurospermum perforatum (=T. inodorum)
Scentless Chamomile
2002 - United Kingdom
2006 - Norway
2009 - Germany
2010 - Denmark
2010 - France
2014 - Poland
2002116Tripleurospermum perforatum (=T. inodorum)Scentless ChamomileB32ALS inhibitors
157 Vaccaria hispanica
Cowcockle
2012 - Canada (Alberta)
2012275Vaccaria hispanicaCowcockleB32ALS inhibitors
158 Vicia sativa
Common Vetch
2014 - China
2014321Vicia sativaCommon VetchB32ALS inhibitors
159 Xanthium strumarium
Common cocklebur
1989 - United States (Mississippi)
1992 - United States (Missouri)
1992 - United States (Tennessee)
1994 - United States (Minnesota)
1995 - United States (Arkansas)
1995 - United States (Iowa)
1996 - United States (Oklahoma)
1997 - United States (Kansas)
1998 - United States (Illinois)
1998 - United States (Maryland)
1999 - United States (North Carolina)
1999 - United States (Ohio)
1989174Xanthium strumariumCommon cockleburB32ALS inhibitors
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