International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds

Countries Weeds Herbicides Mutations Graphs References Researchers
GROUP B/2 RESISTANT CATCHWEED BEDSTRAW
(Galium aparine)


ALS inhibitors (B/2)

Turkey, Middle Anatolia and Black Sea
INTRODUCTION CATCHWEED BEDSTRAW
Catchweed Bedstraw (Galium aparine) is a dicot weed in the Rubiaceae family.  In Turkey this weed first evolved resistance to Group B/2 herbicides in 2008 and infests Winter wheat.   Group B/2 herbicides are known as ALS inhibitors (Inhibition of acetolactate synthase ALS (acetohydroxyacid synthase AHAS)).  Research has shown that these particular biotypes are resistant to chlorsulfuron, iodosulfuron-methyl-sodium, mesosulfuron-methyl, thifensulfuron-methyl, triasulfuron, and tribenuron-methyl and they may be cross-resistant to other Group B/2 herbicides.

The 'Group' letters/numbers that you see throughout this web site refer to the classification of herbicides by their site of action. To see a full list of herbicides and HRAC herbicide classifications click here.

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QUIK STATS (last updated Jan 29, 2015 )

Common NameCatchweed Bedstraw
SpeciesGalium aparine
GroupALS inhibitors (B/2)
Herbicideschlorsulfuron, iodosulfuron-methyl-sodium, mesosulfuron-methyl, thifensulfuron-methyl, triasulfuron, and tribenuron-methyl
LocationTurkey, Middle Anatolia and Black Sea
Year2008
Situation(s)Winter wheat
Contributors - (Alphabetically)Emine Kaya Altop 
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ACADEMIC ASPECTS

Confirmation Tests

Field, and Greenhouse trials comparing a known susceptible Catchweed Bedstraw biotype with this Catchweed Bedstraw biotype have been used to confirm resistance. For further information on the tests conducted please contact the local weed scientists that provided this information.
 
Genetics

Genetic studies on Group B/2 resistant Catchweed Bedstraw have not been reported to the site.  There may be a note below or an article discussing the genetics of this biotype in the Fact Sheets and Other Literature
 
Mechanism of Resistance

The mechanism of resistance for this biotype is either unknown or has not been entered in the database.  If you know anything about the mechanism of resistance for this biotype then please update the database.
 
Relative Fitness

There is no record of differences in fitness or competitiveness of these resistant biotypes when compared to that of normal susceptible biotypes.  If you have any information pertaining to the fitness of Group B/2 resistant Catchweed Bedstraw from Turkey please update the database.
 
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CONTRIBUTING WEED SCIENTISTS

EMINE KAYA ALTOP
Weed Scientist
Ondokuz Mayis University
Department Of Plant Protection
Faculty of Agriculture
Samsun, 55139, Kurupelit/Samsun
Turkey
Email Emine Kaya Altop

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

The Herbicide Resistance Action Committee, The Weed Science Society of America, and weed scientists in Turkey have been instrumental in providing you this information. Particular thanks is given to Emine Kaya Altop for providing detailed information.
Herbicide Resistant Catchweed Bedstraw Globally
(Galium aparine)
Herbicide Resistant Catchweed Bedstraw Globally
(Galium aparine)
Drag a column header and drop it here to group by that column
Herbicide Resistant Catchweed Bedstraw Globally
(Galium aparine)
#CountryFirstYearSituationActive IngredientsSite of Action
1 ChinaChina 2007 Winter wheat tribenuron-methyl 9 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
272Galium aparineCatchweed Bedstraw5607
2 ChinaChina 2014 Wheat fluroxypyr 9 Synthetic Auxins (O/4)
272Galium aparineCatchweed Bedstraw10952
3 IranIran 2016 Wheat 2,4-D, and MCPA 79 Synthetic Auxins (O/4)
272Galium aparineCatchweed Bedstraw16083
4 IranIran 2017 Wheat tribenuron-methyl 79 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
272Galium aparineCatchweed Bedstraw15064
5 IranIran 2017 Wheat 2,4-D, iodosulfuron-methyl-sodium, MCPA, mesosulfuron-methyl, sulfosulfuron, and tribenuron-methyl 79 Multiple Resistance: 2 Sites of Action
ALS inhibitors (B/2)
Synthetic Auxins (O/4)
272Galium aparineCatchweed Bedstraw17138
6 TurkeyTurkey 2008 Winter wheat chlorsulfuron, iodosulfuron-methyl-sodium, mesosulfuron-methyl, thifensulfuron-methyl, triasulfuron, and tribenuron-methyl 71 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
272Galium aparineCatchweed Bedstraw7814
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