International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds

Countries Weeds Herbicides Mutations Graphs References Researchers
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Herbicide Resistant Weeds in Canada
Herbicide Resistant Weeds in Canada
Herbicide Resistant Weeds in Canada
State  
Herbicide Resistant Weeds in Canada
 #SpeciesCommon NameFirst YearSite of Action

State: Alberta

  1 Stellaria mediaCommon ChickweedCanadaAlberta19887 Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
481
  2 Kochia scopariaKochiaCanadaAlberta19897 Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
65
  3 Avena fatuaWild OatCanadaAlberta19897 Multiple Resistance: 2 Sites of Action
Very Long-Chain Fatty Acid Synthesis inhibitors (K3 N/15)
Cell elongation inhibitors (Z/8)
66
  4 Setaria viridisGreen FoxtailCanadaAlberta19897 Inhibition of Microtubule Assembly (K1/3)
5071
  5 Avena fatuaWild OatCanadaAlberta19917 Inhibition of Acetyl CoA Carboxylase (A/1)
67
  6 Sinapis arvensisWild MustardCanadaAlberta19937 Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
5036
  7 Galium spuriumFalse CleaversCanadaAlberta19967 Multiple Resistance: 2 Sites of Action
Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
Auxin Mimics (O/4)
508
  8 Sonchus asperSpiny SowthistleCanadaAlberta19967 Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
1153
  9 Setaria viridisGreen FoxtailCanadaAlberta19967 Inhibition of Acetyl CoA Carboxylase (A/1)
5039
  10 Galeopsis tetrahitCommon HempnettleCanadaAlberta19987 Auxin Mimics (O/4)
1154
  11 Neslia paniculataBall MustardCanadaAlberta19987 Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
1155
  12 Avena fatuaWild OatCanadaAlberta19987 Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
5075
  13 Avena fatuaWild OatCanadaAlberta19987 Multiple Resistance: 3 Sites of Action
Inhibition of Acetyl CoA Carboxylase (A/1)
Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
Very Long-Chain Fatty Acid Synthesis inhibitors (K3 N/15)
5076
  14 Thlaspi arvenseField PennycressCanadaAlberta20017 Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
5097
  15 Galeopsis tetrahitCommon HempnettleCanadaAlberta20067 Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
5320
  16 Polygonum convolvulus (=Fallopia convolvulus)Wild BuckwheatCanadaAlberta20077 Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
5379
  17 Salsola tragusRussian-thistleCanadaAlberta20077 Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
7831
  18 Lolium persicumPersian DarnelCanadaAlberta20097 Inhibition of Acetyl CoA Carboxylase (A/1)
7832
  19 Crepis tectorumNarrowleaf HawksbeardCanadaAlberta20117 Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
5606
  20 Capsella bursa-pastorisShepherd's-purseCanadaAlberta20117 Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
5623
  21 Kochia scopariaKochiaCanadaAlberta20127 Multiple Resistance: 2 Sites of Action
Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
Inhibition of Enolpyruvyl Shikimate Phosphate Synthase (G/9)
5592
  22 Vaccaria hispanicaCowcockleCanadaAlberta20127 Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
5616
  23 Polygonum lapathifoliumPale SmartweedCanadaAlberta20147 Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
11002
  24 Kochia scopariaKochiaCanadaAlberta20177 Multiple Resistance: 3 Sites of Action
Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
Inhibition of Enolpyruvyl Shikimate Phosphate Synthase (G/9)
Auxin Mimics (O/4)
17147
  25 Bromus tectorumDowny Brome (Cheatgrass)CanadaAlberta20217 Inhibition of Enolpyruvyl Shikimate Phosphate Synthase (G/9)
21234
  26 Hordeum jubatumFoxtail BarleyCanadaAlberta20227 Inhibition of Acetyl CoA Carboxylase (A/1)
25263

State: British Columbia

  27 Centaurea stoebe ssp. micranthosSpotted knapweedCanadaBritish Columbia20137 Auxin Mimics (O/4)
15061

State: Manitoba

  28 Setaria viridisGreen FoxtailCanadaManitoba19887 Inhibition of Microtubule Assembly (K1/3)
52
  29 Kochia scopariaKochiaCanadaManitoba19887 Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
57
  30 Avena fatuaWild OatCanadaManitoba19907 Inhibition of Acetyl CoA Carboxylase (A/1)
50
  31 Sinapis arvensisWild MustardCanadaManitoba19907 Auxin Mimics (O/4)
55
  32 Setaria viridisGreen FoxtailCanadaManitoba19917 Inhibition of Acetyl CoA Carboxylase (A/1)
53
  33 Sinapis arvensisWild MustardCanadaManitoba19927 Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
54
  34 Setaria viridisGreen FoxtailCanadaManitoba19927 Multiple Resistance: 2 Sites of Action
Inhibition of Acetyl CoA Carboxylase (A/1)
Inhibition of Microtubule Assembly (K1/3)
5037
  35 Avena fatuaWild OatCanadaManitoba19947 Multiple Resistance: 3 Sites of Action
Inhibition of Acetyl CoA Carboxylase (A/1)
Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
Antimicrotubule mitotic disrupter (Z/25)
51
  36 Sinapis arvensisWild MustardCanadaManitoba19947 PSII inhibitors - Serine 264 Binders (C1 C2/5)
56
  37 Galeopsis tetrahitCommon HempnettleCanadaManitoba19957 Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
476
  38 Avena fatuaWild OatCanadaManitoba19977 Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
5077
  39 Avena fatuaWild OatCanadaManitoba19977 Very Long-Chain Fatty Acid Synthesis inhibitors (K3 N/15)
5078
  40 Avena fatuaWild OatCanadaManitoba19977 Multiple Resistance: 4 Sites of Action
Inhibition of Acetyl CoA Carboxylase (A/1)
Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
Very Long-Chain Fatty Acid Synthesis inhibitors (K3 N/15)
Antimicrotubule mitotic disrupter (Z/25)
5079
  41 Setaria viridisGreen FoxtailCanadaManitoba20027 Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
5221
  42 Amaranthus retroflexusRedroot PigweedCanadaManitoba20027 Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
5222
  43 Thlaspi arvenseField PennycressCanadaManitoba20087 Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
5624
  44 Galium spuriumFalse CleaversCanadaManitoba20087 Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
5629
  45 Stellaria mediaCommon ChickweedCanadaManitoba20087 Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
5630
  46 Amaranthus powelliiPowell AmaranthCanadaManitoba20087 Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
5631
  47 Polygonum lapathifoliumPale SmartweedCanadaManitoba20097 Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
5625
  48 Kochia scopariaKochiaCanadaManitoba20147 Multiple Resistance: 2 Sites of Action
Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
Inhibition of Enolpyruvyl Shikimate Phosphate Synthase (G/9)
9942
  49 Avena fatuaWild OatCanadaManitoba20157 Multiple Resistance: 4 Sites of Action
Inhibition of Acetyl CoA Carboxylase (A/1)
Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
Inhibition of Protoporphyrinogen Oxidase (E/14)
Very Long-Chain Fatty Acid Synthesis inhibitors (K3 N/15)
11033

State: New Brunswick

  50 Chenopodium albumCommon LambsquartersCanadaNew Brunswick20187 PSII inhibitors - Serine 264 Binders (C1 C2/5)
28276

State: Nova Scotia

  51 Rumex acetosellaSheep SorrelCanadaNova Scotia20117 PSII inhibitors - Serine 264 Binders (C1 C2/5)
17122

State: Ontario

  52 Daucus carotaWild CarrotCanadaOntario19577 Auxin Mimics (O/4)
307
  53 Chenopodium albumCommon LambsquartersCanadaOntario19737 PSII inhibitors - Serine 264 Binders (C1 C2/5)
58
  54 Ambrosia artemisiifoliaCommon RagweedCanadaOntario19767 PSII inhibitors - Serine 264 Binders (C1 C2/5)
59
  55 Chenopodium album var. striatum (=C. strictum var. glaucophyllum)Lateflowering GoosefootCanadaOntario19767 PSII inhibitors - Serine 264 Binders (C1 C2/5)
60
  56 Amaranthus powelliiPowell AmaranthCanadaOntario19777 PSII inhibitors - Serine 264 Binders (C1 C2/5)
1158
  57 Senecio vulgarisCommon GroundselCanadaOntario19777 PSII inhibitors - Serine 264 Binders (C1 C2/5)
5066
  58 Amaranthus retroflexusRedroot PigweedCanadaOntario19807 PSII inhibitors - Serine 264 Binders (C1 C2/5)
61
  59 Echinochloa crus-galli var. crus-galliBarnyardgrassCanadaOntario19817 PSII inhibitors - Serine 264 Binders (C1 C2/5)
62
  60 Panicum capillareWitchgrassCanadaOntario19817 PSII inhibitors - Serine 264 Binders (C1 C2/5)
63
  61 Setaria pumila (=S. glauca)Yellow FoxtailCanadaOntario19817 PSII inhibitors - Serine 264 Binders (C1 C2/5)
64
  62 Sinapis arvensisWild MustardCanadaOntario19837 PSII inhibitors - Serine 264 Binders (C1 C2/5)
5065
  63 Conyza canadensisHorseweedCanadaOntario19937 PS I Electron Diversion (D/22)
48
  64 Lepidium virginicumVirginia PepperweedCanadaOntario19937 PS I Electron Diversion (D/22)
49
  65 Amaranthus powelliiPowell AmaranthCanadaOntario19987 Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
1159
  66 Amaranthus retroflexusRedroot PigweedCanadaOntario19987 Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
1161
  67 Amaranthus powelliiPowell AmaranthCanadaOntario19987 Multiple Resistance: 2 Sites of Action
Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
PSII inhibitors - Serine 264 Binders (C1 C2/5)
5049
  68 Amaranthus powelliiPowell AmaranthCanadaOntario19997 PSII inhibitors - Serine 264 Binders (C1 C2/5)
5048
  69 Solanum ptycanthumEastern Black NightshadeCanadaOntario20007 Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
5211
  70 Ambrosia artemisiifoliaCommon RagweedCanadaOntario20007 Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
5471
  71 Chenopodium albumCommon LambsquartersCanadaOntario20017 Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
5123
  72 Setaria viridisGreen FoxtailCanadaOntario20017 Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
5124
  73 Amaranthus retroflexusRedroot PigweedCanadaOntario20017 PSII inhibitors - Serine 264 Binders (C1 C2/5)
5125
  74 Amaranthus tuberculatus (=A. rudis)Tall WaterhempCanadaOntario20027 Multiple Resistance: 2 Sites of Action
Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
PSII inhibitors - Serine 264 Binders (C1 C2/5)
5212
  75 Amaranthus tuberculatus (=A. rudis)Tall WaterhempCanadaOntario20027 Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
5213
  76 Setaria faberiGiant FoxtailCanadaOntario20037 Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
5210
  77 Amaranthus hybridus (syn: quitensis)Smooth PigweedCanadaOntario20047 PSII inhibitors - Histidine 215 Binders (C3/6)
5472
  78 Amaranthus retroflexusRedroot PigweedCanadaOntario20057 PSII inhibitors - Histidine 215 Binders (C3/6)
5473
  79 Ambrosia trifidaGiant RagweedCanadaOntario20087 Inhibition of Enolpyruvyl Shikimate Phosphate Synthase (G/9)
5483
  80 Solanum ptycanthumEastern Black NightshadeCanadaOntario20097 PS I Electron Diversion (D/22)
5493
  81 Conyza canadensisHorseweedCanadaOntario20107 Inhibition of Enolpyruvyl Shikimate Phosphate Synthase (G/9)
5665
  82 Conyza canadensisHorseweedCanadaOntario20117 Multiple Resistance: 2 Sites of Action
Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
Inhibition of Enolpyruvyl Shikimate Phosphate Synthase (G/9)
5666
  83 Digitaria sanguinalisLarge CrabgrassCanadaOntario20117 Inhibition of Acetyl CoA Carboxylase (A/1)
5678
  84 Ambrosia trifidaGiant RagweedCanadaOntario20117 Multiple Resistance: 2 Sites of Action
Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
Inhibition of Enolpyruvyl Shikimate Phosphate Synthase (G/9)
7833
  85 Ambrosia artemisiifoliaCommon RagweedCanadaOntario20127 Multiple Resistance: 2 Sites of Action
Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
Inhibition of Enolpyruvyl Shikimate Phosphate Synthase (G/9)
5713
  86 Amaranthus tuberculatus (=A. rudis)Tall WaterhempCanadaOntario20147 Multiple Resistance: 2 Sites of Action
Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
Inhibition of Enolpyruvyl Shikimate Phosphate Synthase (G/9)
9940
  87 Amaranthus tuberculatus (=A. rudis)Tall WaterhempCanadaOntario20177 Multiple Resistance: 4 Sites of Action
Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
PSII inhibitors - Serine 264 Binders (C1 C2/5)
Inhibition of Protoporphyrinogen Oxidase (E/14)
Inhibition of Enolpyruvyl Shikimate Phosphate Synthase (G/9)
17140
  88 Amaranthus tuberculatus (=A. rudis)Tall WaterhempCanadaOntario20177 Multiple Resistance: 3 Sites of Action
Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
PSII inhibitors - Serine 264 Binders (C1 C2/5)
Inhibition of Enolpyruvyl Shikimate Phosphate Synthase (G/9)
17141
  89 Amaranthus tuberculatus (=A. rudis)Tall WaterhempCanadaOntario20177 Multiple Resistance: 2 Sites of Action
PSII inhibitors - Serine 264 Binders (C1 C2/5)
Inhibition of Enolpyruvyl Shikimate Phosphate Synthase (G/9)
17142
  90 Amaranthus powelliiPowell AmaranthCanadaOntario20197 Multiple Resistance: 2 Sites of Action
Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
Auxin Mimics (O/4)
24243
  91 Lolium perenne ssp. multiflorumItalian RyegrassCanadaOntario20217 Inhibition of Enolpyruvyl Shikimate Phosphate Synthase (G/9)
22236
  92 Amaranthus tuberculatus (=A. rudis)Tall WaterhempCanadaOntario20217 Multiple Resistance: 5 Sites of Action
Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
PSII inhibitors - Serine 264 Binders (C1 C2/5)
Inhibition of Protoporphyrinogen Oxidase (E/14)
Inhibition of Hydroxyphenyl Pyruvate Dioxygenase (F2/27)
Inhibition of Enolpyruvyl Shikimate Phosphate Synthase (G/9)
24242

State: Prince Edward Island

  93 Chenopodium albumCommon LambsquartersCanadaPrince Edward Island20187 PSII inhibitors - Serine 264 Binders (C1 C2/5)
28273
  94 Amaranthus retroflexusRedroot PigweedCanadaPrince Edward Island20237 PSII inhibitors - Serine 264 Binders (C1 C2/5)
28274
  95 Ambrosia artemisiifoliaCommon RagweedCanadaPrince Edward Island20237 PSII inhibitors - Serine 264 Binders (C1 C2/5)
28275

State: Quebec

  96 Brassica rapa (=B. campestris)Birdsrape MustardCanadaQuebec19777 PSII inhibitors - Serine 264 Binders (C1 C2/5)
433
  97 Amaranthus retroflexusRedroot PigweedCanadaQuebec19807 PSII inhibitors - Serine 264 Binders (C1 C2/5)
17126
  98 Chenopodium albumCommon LambsquartersCanadaQuebec19807 PSII inhibitors - Serine 264 Binders (C1 C2/5)
17132
  99 Ambrosia artemisiifoliaCommon RagweedCanadaQuebec19997 PSII inhibitors - Serine 264 Binders (C1 C2/5)
5064
  100 Ambrosia artemisiifoliaCommon RagweedCanadaQuebec19997 PSII inhibitors - Serine 264 Binders (C1 C2/5)
17128
  101 Amaranthus retroflexusRedroot PigweedCanadaQuebec20017 PSII inhibitors - Serine 264 Binders (C1 C2/5)
5126
  102 Ambrosia artemisiifoliaCommon RagweedCanadaQuebec20077 Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
17127
  103 Chenopodium albumCommon LambsquartersCanadaQuebec20087 Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
17131
  104 Amaranthus retroflexusRedroot PigweedCanadaQuebec20097 Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
17125
  105 Amaranthus powelliiPowell AmaranthCanadaQuebec20127 PSII inhibitors - Serine 264 Binders (C1 C2/5)
17123
  106 Amaranthus powelliiPowell AmaranthCanadaQuebec20127 Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
17124
  107 Avena fatuaWild OatCanadaQuebec20127 Inhibition of Acetyl CoA Carboxylase (A/1)
17129
  108 Brassica rapa (=B. campestris)Birdsrape MustardCanadaQuebec20177 Inhibition of Enolpyruvyl Shikimate Phosphate Synthase (G/9)
17130

State: Saskatchewan

  109 Kochia scopariaKochiaCanadaSaskatchewan19887 Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
5069
  110 Salsola tragusRussian-thistleCanadaSaskatchewan19897 Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
5067
  111 Avena fatuaWild OatCanadaSaskatchewan19907 Inhibition of Acetyl CoA Carboxylase (A/1)
5041
  112 Setaria viridisGreen FoxtailCanadaSaskatchewan19917 Inhibition of Microtubule Assembly (K1/3)
5040
  113 Setaria viridisGreen FoxtailCanadaSaskatchewan19967 Inhibition of Acetyl CoA Carboxylase (A/1)
5038
  114 Setaria viridisGreen FoxtailCanadaSaskatchewan19967 Multiple Resistance: 2 Sites of Action
Inhibition of Acetyl CoA Carboxylase (A/1)
Inhibition of Microtubule Assembly (K1/3)
5070
  115 Avena fatuaWild OatCanadaSaskatchewan19967 Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
5072
  116 Avena fatuaWild OatCanadaSaskatchewan19967 Very Long-Chain Fatty Acid Synthesis inhibitors (K3 N/15)
5073
  117 Avena fatuaWild OatCanadaSaskatchewan19967 Multiple Resistance: 3 Sites of Action
Inhibition of Acetyl CoA Carboxylase (A/1)
Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
Very Long-Chain Fatty Acid Synthesis inhibitors (K3 N/15)
5074
  118 Sinapis arvensisWild MustardCanadaSaskatchewan20027 Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
5243
  119 Lolium persicumPersian DarnelCanadaSaskatchewan20047 Inhibition of Acetyl CoA Carboxylase (A/1)
5244
  120 Stellaria mediaCommon ChickweedCanadaSaskatchewan20057 Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
5322
  121 Galium spuriumFalse CleaversCanadaSaskatchewan20067 Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
5321
  122 Capsella bursa-pastorisShepherd's-purseCanadaSaskatchewan20087 Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
5381
  123 Thlaspi arvenseField PennycressCanadaSaskatchewan20097 Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
5626
  124 Chenopodium albumCommon LambsquartersCanadaSaskatchewan20097 Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
5627
  125 Amaranthus retroflexusRedroot PigweedCanadaSaskatchewan20107 Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
5628
  126 Kochia scopariaKochiaCanadaSaskatchewan20127 Multiple Resistance: 2 Sites of Action
Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
Inhibition of Enolpyruvyl Shikimate Phosphate Synthase (G/9)
7834
  127 Kochia scopariaKochiaCanadaSaskatchewan20157 Multiple Resistance: 2 Sites of Action
Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
Auxin Mimics (O/4)
11032
  128 Kochia scopariaKochiaCanadaSaskatchewan20217 Inhibition of Protoporphyrinogen Oxidase (E/14)
25259
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