International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds

Countries Weeds Herbicides Mutations Graphs References Researchers
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Herbicide Resistant Weeds in Australia
Herbicide Resistant Weeds in Australia
Herbicide Resistant Weeds in Australia
State  
Herbicide Resistant Weeds in Australia
 #SpeciesCommon NameState NameFirst YearSite of Action

State: New South Wales

  1 Lolium rigidumRigid RyegrassAustraliaNew South Wales 19851 Multiple Resistance: 3 Sites of Action
ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
ALS inhibitors (B/2)
Microtubule inhibitors (K1/3)
4
  2 Avena sterilisSterile OatAustraliaNew South Wales 19891 ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
5029
  3 Avena fatuaWild OatAustraliaNew South Wales 19911 ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
5
  4 Cyperus difformisSmallflower Umbrella SedgeAustraliaNew South Wales 19941 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
6
  5 Sagittaria montevidensisCalifornia ArrowheadAustraliaNew South Wales 19941 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
7
  6 Damasonium minusStarfruitAustraliaNew South Wales 19941 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
8
  7 Sisymbrium orientaleOriental MustardAustraliaNew South Wales 19941 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
5035
  8 Sinapis arvensisWild MustardAustraliaNew South Wales 19961 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
1139
  9 Phalaris paradoxaHood CanarygrassAustraliaNew South Wales 19971 ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
1137
  10 Lolium rigidumRigid RyegrassAustraliaNew South Wales 19971 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
5094
  11 Fumaria densifloraDense-flowered FumitoryAustraliaNew South Wales 19991 Microtubule inhibitors (K1/3)
1178
  12 Hordeum murinum ssp. leporinumHare BarleyAustraliaNew South Wales 20011 ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
5098
  13 Avena sterilis ssp. ludovicianaSterile oatAustraliaNew South Wales 20021 Antimicrotubule mitotic disrupter (Z/25)
5198
  14 Echinochloa colonaJunglericeAustraliaNew South Wales 20041 Photosystem II inhibitors (C1/5)
5336
  15 Raphanus raphanistrumWild RadishAustraliaNew South Wales 20041 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
5338
  16 Sporobolus fertilisGiant Parramatta grassAustraliaNew South Wales 20041 Lipid Inhibitors (N/26)
10965
  17 Avena fatuaWild OatAustraliaNew South Wales 20061 Multiple Resistance: 3 Sites of Action
ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
ALS inhibitors (B/2)
Antimicrotubule mitotic disrupter (Z/25)
10966
  18 Echinochloa colonaJunglericeAustraliaNew South Wales 20071 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
5297
  19 Urochloa panicoidesLiverseedgrassAustraliaNew South Wales 20081 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
5362
  20 Chloris truncataWindmill GrassAustraliaNew South Wales 20101 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
5509
  21 Conyza bonariensisHairy FleabaneAustraliaNew South Wales 20101 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
5512
  22 Phalaris paradoxaHood CanarygrassAustraliaNew South Wales 20121 Multiple Resistance: 2 Sites of Action
ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
ALS inhibitors (B/2)
7840
  23 Raphanus raphanistrumWild RadishAustraliaNew South Wales 20131 Synthetic Auxins (O/4)
7839
  24 Sonchus oleraceusAnnual SowthistleAustraliaNew South Wales 20141 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
7892
  25 Chloris virgataFeather FingergrassAustraliaNew South Wales 20151 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
11026
  26 Lolium rigidumRigid RyegrassAustraliaNew South Wales 20151 Lipid Inhibitors (N/8)
11031
  27 Conyza bonariensisHairy FleabaneAustraliaNew South Wales 20161 PSI Electron Diverter (D/22)
13045
  28 Poa annuaAnnual BluegrassAustraliaNew South Wales 20171 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
16093
  29 Poa annuaAnnual BluegrassAustraliaNew South Wales 20171 Photosystem II inhibitors (C1/5)
16094
  30 Poa annuaAnnual BluegrassAustraliaNew South Wales 20171 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
16095
  31 Poa annuaAnnual BluegrassAustraliaNew South Wales 20171 Unknown (Z/27)
16096
  32 Poa annuaAnnual BluegrassAustraliaNew South Wales 20171 Microtubule inhibitors (K1/3)
16097
  33 Poa annuaAnnual BluegrassAustraliaNew South Wales 20171 Multiple Resistance: 5 Sites of Action
ALS inhibitors (B/2)
Photosystem II inhibitors (C1/5)
EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
Microtubule inhibitors (K1/3)
Unknown (Z/27)
16098
  34 Poa annuaAnnual BluegrassAustraliaNew South Wales 20171 ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
18189
  35 Avena sterilis ssp. ludovicianaSterile oatAustraliaNew South Wales 20181 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
18186

State: Queensland

  36 Sonchus oleraceusAnnual SowthistleAustraliaQueensland19901 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
23
  37 Polygonum convolvulus (=Fallopia convolvulus)Wild BuckwheatAustraliaQueensland19931 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
9
  38 Sisymbrium orientaleOriental MustardAustraliaQueensland19931 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
11
  39 Rapistrum rugosumTurnipweedAustraliaQueensland19961 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
528
  40 Sisymbrium thellungiiAfrican TurnipweedAustraliaQueensland19961 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
529
  41 Urochloa panicoidesLiverseedgrassAustraliaQueensland19961 Photosystem II inhibitors (C1/5)
530
  42 Avena sterilis ssp. ludovicianaSterile oatAustraliaQueensland20061 ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
10967
  43 Mitracarpus hirtus Tropical GirdlepodAustraliaQueensland20071 PSI Electron Diverter (D/22)
5349
  44 Echinochloa colonaJunglericeAustraliaQueensland20091 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
5514
  45 Conyza bonariensisHairy FleabaneAustraliaQueensland20111 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
5604
  46 Brachiaria eruciformisSweet Summer GrassAustraliaQueensland20141 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
8921
  47 Eleusine indicaGoosegrassAustraliaQueensland20151 PSI Electron Diverter (D/22)
11024
  48 Solanum nigrumBlack NightshadeAustraliaQueensland20151 PSI Electron Diverter (D/22)
11025
  49 Chloris virgataFeather FingergrassAustraliaQueensland20151 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
11027
  50 Gamochaeta pensylvanicaPennsylvania EverlastingAustraliaQueensland20151 PSI Electron Diverter (D/22)
11029
  51 Conyza sumatrensisSumatran FleabaneAustraliaQueensland20181 PSI Electron Diverter (D/22)
17148
  52 Conyza sumatrensisSumatran FleabaneAustraliaQueensland20181 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
18161
  53 Avena fatuaWild OatAustraliaQueensland20181 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
18187

State: South Australia

  54 Lolium rigidumRigid RyegrassAustraliaSouth Australia19821 Multiple Resistance: 7 Sites of Action
ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
ALS inhibitors (B/2)
DOXP inhibitors (F4/13)
Microtubule inhibitors (K1/3)
Mitosis inhibitors (K2/23)
Long chain fatty acid inhibitors (K3/15)
Lipid Inhibitors (N/8)
389
  55 Lolium rigidumRigid RyegrassAustraliaSouth Australia19841 Long chain fatty acid inhibitors (K3/15)
398
  56 Avena fatuaWild OatAustraliaSouth Australia19881 ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
20
  57 Avena sterilisSterile OatAustraliaSouth Australia19891 ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
21
  58 Sisymbrium orientaleOriental MustardAustraliaSouth Australia19901 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
24
  59 Hordeum murinum ssp. glaucumSmooth BarleyAustraliaSouth Australia19901 PSI Electron Diverter (D/22)
5031
  60 Digitaria sanguinalisLarge CrabgrassAustraliaSouth Australia19931 Multiple Resistance: 2 Sites of Action
ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
ALS inhibitors (B/2)
16
  61 Lactuca serriolaPrickly LettuceAustraliaSouth Australia19941 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
26
  62 Lolium rigidumRigid RyegrassAustraliaSouth Australia19941 Microtubule inhibitors (K1/3)
5226
  63 Hordeum murinum ssp. leporinumHare BarleyAustraliaSouth Australia19961 ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
1143
  64 Brassica tournefortiiAfrican MustardAustraliaSouth Australia19961 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
5202
  65 Echium plantagineumPatersons CurseAustraliaSouth Australia19971 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
1136
  66 Raphanus raphanistrumWild RadishAustraliaSouth Australia19981 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
5034
  67 Lolium rigidumRigid RyegrassAustraliaSouth Australia19991 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
5188
  68 Hordeum murinum ssp. glaucumSmooth BarleyAustraliaSouth Australia20001 ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
5095
  69 Hordeum murinum ssp. leporinumHare BarleyAustraliaSouth Australia20011 PSI Electron Diverter (D/22)
5203
  70 Diplotaxis tenuifoliaPerennial WallrocketAustraliaSouth Australia20041 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
5219
  71 Pentzia suffruticosaCalomba daisyAustraliaSouth Australia20041 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
5241
  72 Avena sterilis ssp. ludovicianaSterile oatAustraliaSouth Australia20051 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
5252
  73 Mesembryanthemum crystallinumCrystalline IceplantAustraliaSouth Australia20051 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
5255
  74 Sisymbrium orientaleOriental MustardAustraliaSouth Australia20051 Multiple Resistance: 2 Sites of Action
ALS inhibitors (B/2)
Synthetic Auxins (O/4)
5270
  75 Raphanus raphanistrumWild RadishAustraliaSouth Australia20061 Multiple Resistance: 3 Sites of Action
ALS inhibitors (B/2)
Carotenoid biosynthesis inhibitors (F1/12)
Synthetic Auxins (O/4)
5364
  76 Bromus diandrus ssp. rigidus (=B. rigidus)Rigid BromeAustraliaSouth Australia20071 ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
5298
  77 Lolium rigidumRigid RyegrassAustraliaSouth Australia20081 Multiple Resistance: 2 Sites of Action
Carotenoid biosynthesis (unknown target) (F3/11)
EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
5515
  78 Lolium rigidumRigid RyegrassAustraliaSouth Australia20101 Multiple Resistance: 2 Sites of Action
ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
PSI Electron Diverter (D/22)
5489
  79 Lolium rigidumRigid RyegrassAustraliaSouth Australia20101 Multiple Resistance: 5 Sites of Action
ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
ALS inhibitors (B/2)
Photosystem II inhibitors (C1/5)
PSI Electron Diverter (D/22)
EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
5510
  80 Bromus diandrus ssp. rigidus (=B. rigidus)Rigid BromeAustraliaSouth Australia20111 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
5579
  81 Bromus diandrusRipgut BromeAustraliaSouth Australia20111 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
5580
  82 Bromus diandrusRipgut BromeAustraliaSouth Australia20111 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
5597
  83 Conyza bonariensisHairy FleabaneAustraliaSouth Australia20111 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
5605
  84 Galium tricornutumThreehorn BedstrawAustraliaSouth Australia20121 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
7837
  85 Sonchus oleraceusAnnual SowthistleAustraliaSouth Australia20151 Synthetic Auxins (O/4)
10988
  86 Sonchus oleraceusAnnual SowthistleAustraliaSouth Australia20151 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
10989
  87 Chloris virgataFeather FingergrassAustraliaSouth Australia20151 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
11028
  88 Arctotheca calendulaCapeweedAustraliaSouth Australia20151 Synthetic Auxins (O/4)
15055
  89 Hordeum murinum ssp. glaucumSmooth BarleyAustraliaSouth Australia20161 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
17118
  90 Poa annuaAnnual BluegrassAustraliaSouth Australia20171 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
16084
  91 Poa annuaAnnual BluegrassAustraliaSouth Australia20171 Photosystem II inhibitors (C1/5)
16085
  92 Poa annuaAnnual BluegrassAustraliaSouth Australia20171 Unknown (Z/27)
16086
  93 Poa annuaAnnual BluegrassAustraliaSouth Australia20171 Microtubule inhibitors (K1/3)
16087
  94 Poa annuaAnnual BluegrassAustraliaSouth Australia20171 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
16088

State: Victoria

  95 Hordeum murinum ssp. glaucumSmooth BarleyAustraliaVictoria19841 PSI Electron Diverter (D/22)
19
  96 Lolium rigidumRigid RyegrassAustraliaVictoria19841 Multiple Resistance: 3 Sites of Action
ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
ALS inhibitors (B/2)
Microtubule inhibitors (K1/3)
5042
  97 Arctotheca calendulaCapeweedAustraliaVictoria19861 PSI Electron Diverter (D/22)
22
  98 Hordeum murinum ssp. leporinumHare BarleyAustraliaVictoria19881 PSI Electron Diverter (D/22)
18
  99 Vulpia bromoidesSquirreltail FescueAustraliaVictoria19901 PSI Electron Diverter (D/22)
17
  100 Lolium rigidumRigid RyegrassAustraliaVictoria19961 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
380
  101 Lolium rigidumRigid RyegrassAustraliaVictoria19991 Multiple Resistance: 4 Sites of Action
ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
ALS inhibitors (B/2)
EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
Microtubule inhibitors (K1/3)
5363
  102 Bromus diandrusRipgut BromeAustraliaVictoria19991 ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
5467
  103 Nassella trichotomaSerrated TussockAustraliaVictoria20021 Lipid Inhibitors (N/26)
5189
  104 Urtica urensBurning NettleAustraliaVictoria20021 Photosystem II inhibitors (C1/5)
5190
  105 Poa annuaAnnual BluegrassAustraliaVictoria20091 Unknown (Z/27)
5513
  106 Lactuca serriolaPrickly LettuceAustraliaVictoria20091 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
5516
  107 Vulpia bromoidesSquirreltail FescueAustraliaVictoria20091 Photosystem II inhibitors (C1/5)
7841
  108 Raphanus raphanistrumWild RadishAustraliaVictoria20091 Multiple Resistance: 2 Sites of Action
ALS inhibitors (B/2)
Synthetic Auxins (O/4)
7845
  109 Sisymbrium orientaleOriental MustardAustraliaVictoria20101 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
7842
  110 Sonchus oleraceusAnnual SowthistleAustraliaVictoria20101 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
7844
  111 Sisymbrium orientaleOriental MustardAustraliaVictoria20111 Carotenoid biosynthesis inhibitors (F1/12)
5603
  112 Sisymbrium orientaleOriental MustardAustraliaVictoria20111 Photosystem II inhibitors (C1/5)
5712
  113 Raphanus raphanistrumWild RadishAustraliaVictoria20111 Synthetic Auxins (O/4)
7846
  114 Phalaris minorLittle seed Canary grassAustraliaVictoria20121 ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
7838
  115 Chloris truncataWindmill GrassAustraliaVictoria20151 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
11021
  116 Lactuca serriolaPrickly LettuceAustraliaVictoria20151 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
11022
  117 Lolium rigidumRigid RyegrassAustraliaVictoria20151 Lipid Inhibitors (N/8)
11023
  118 Sonchus oleraceusAnnual SowthistleAustraliaVictoria20151 Synthetic Auxins (O/4)
15056
  119 Poa annuaAnnual BluegrassAustraliaVictoria20171 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
16089
  120 Poa annuaAnnual BluegrassAustraliaVictoria20171 Photosystem II inhibitors (C1/5)
16090
  121 Poa annuaAnnual BluegrassAustraliaVictoria20171 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
16091
  122 Poa annuaAnnual BluegrassAustraliaVictoria20171 Microtubule inhibitors (K1/3)
16092
  123 Poa annuaAnnual BluegrassAustraliaVictoria20171 ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
18190

State: Western Australia

  124 Lolium rigidumRigid RyegrassAustraliaWestern Australia19821 Multiple Resistance: 3 Sites of Action
ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
ALS inhibitors (B/2)
Microtubule inhibitors (K1/3)
15
  125 Lolium rigidumRigid RyegrassAustraliaWestern Australia19841 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
324
  126 Lolium rigidumRigid RyegrassAustraliaWestern Australia19841 Microtubule inhibitors (K1/3)
330
  127 Avena fatuaWild OatAustraliaWestern Australia19851 ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
14
  128 Lolium rigidumRigid RyegrassAustraliaWestern Australia19881 Carotenoid biosynthesis (unknown target) (F3/11)
316
  129 Lolium rigidumRigid RyegrassAustraliaWestern Australia19881 Photosystem II inhibitors (C1/5)
480
  130 Brassica tournefortiiAfrican MustardAustraliaWestern Australia19921 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
12
  131 Sisymbrium orientaleOriental MustardAustraliaWestern Australia19941 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
3
  132 Raphanus raphanistrumWild RadishAustraliaWestern Australia19971 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
522
  133 Echium plantagineumPatersons CurseAustraliaWestern Australia19971 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
5030
  134 Raphanus raphanistrumWild RadishAustraliaWestern Australia19981 Multiple Resistance: 2 Sites of Action
ALS inhibitors (B/2)
Carotenoid biosynthesis inhibitors (F1/12)
5033
  135 Raphanus raphanistrumWild RadishAustraliaWestern Australia19991 Photosystem II inhibitors (C1/5)
1135
  136 Raphanus raphanistrumWild RadishAustraliaWestern Australia19991 Synthetic Auxins (O/4)
5358
  137 Lolium rigidumRigid RyegrassAustraliaWestern Australia20031 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
5325
  138 Hordeum murinum ssp. glaucumSmooth BarleyAustraliaWestern Australia20051 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
5251
  139 Bromus diandrus ssp. rigidus (=B. rigidus)Rigid BromeAustraliaWestern Australia20051 ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
5253
  140 Echinochloa colonaJunglericeAustraliaWestern Australia20101 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
5581
  141 Raphanus raphanistrumWild RadishAustraliaWestern Australia20101 Multiple Resistance: 4 Sites of Action
ALS inhibitors (B/2)
Carotenoid biosynthesis inhibitors (F1/12)
EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
Synthetic Auxins (O/4)
7888
  142 Bromus diandrus ssp. rigidus (=B. rigidus)Rigid BromeAustraliaWestern Australia20111 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
5578
  143 Lolium rigidumRigid RyegrassAustraliaWestern Australia20131 Multiple Resistance: 2 Sites of Action
PSI Electron Diverter (D/22)
EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
6754
  144 Ehrharta longifloraLongflowered veldtgrass AustraliaWestern Australia20141 ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
8899
  145 Bromus rubensRed BromeAustraliaWestern Australia20141 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
10964
  146 Vulpia bromoidesSquirreltail FescueAustraliaWestern Australia20141 Photosystem II inhibitors (C1/5)
11030
  147 Tridax procumbensCoat ButtonsAustraliaWestern Australia20161 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
14052
  148 Lactuca salignaWillow-leaved lettuceAustraliaWestern Australia20171 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
17111
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Cite this site as: Heap, I.  The International Survey of Herbicide Resistant Weeds.  Online.  Internet.  Saturday, April 4, 2020 .  Available  www.weedscience.org
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