International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds

Countries Weeds Herbicides Mutations Graphs References Researchers
GROUP A/1 RESISTANT RIPGUT BROME
(Bromus diandrus)


ACCase inhibitors (A/1)

Australia, Victoria
INTRODUCTION RIPGUT BROME
Ripgut Brome (Bromus diandrus) is a monocot weed in the Poaceae family.  In Victoria this weed first evolved resistance to Group A/1 herbicides in 1999 and infests Cereals, and Winter pulses.   Group A/1 herbicides are known as ACCase inhibitors (Inhibition of acetyl CoA carboxylase (ACCase)).  Research has shown that these particular biotypes are resistant to clethodim, fluazifop-P-butyl, haloxyfop-methyl, quizalofop-P-ethyl, and tepraloxydim and they may be cross-resistant to other Group A/1 herbicides.

The 'Group' letters/numbers that you see throughout this web site refer to the classification of herbicides by their site of action. To see a full list of herbicides and HRAC herbicide classifications click here.

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QUIK STATS (last updated Nov 30, 2011 )

Common NameRipgut Brome
SpeciesBromus diandrus
GroupACCase inhibitors (A/1)
Herbicidesclethodim, fluazifop-P-butyl, haloxyfop-methyl, quizalofop-P-ethyl, and tepraloxydim
LocationAustralia, Victoria
Year1999
Situation(s)Cereals, and Winter pulses
Contributors - (Alphabetically)Peter Boutsalis, John Broster, and Christopher Preston 
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ACADEMIC ASPECTS

Confirmation Tests

Greenhouse trials comparing a known susceptible Ripgut Brome biotype with this Ripgut Brome biotype have been used to confirm resistance. For further information on the tests conducted please contact the local weed scientists that provided this information.
 
Genetics

Genetic studies on Group A/1 resistant Ripgut Brome have not been reported to the site.  There may be a note below or an article discussing the genetics of this biotype in the Fact Sheets and Other Literature
 
Mechanism of Resistance

The mechanism of resistance for this biotype is either unknown or has not been entered in the database.  If you know anything about the mechanism of resistance for this biotype then please update the database.
 
Relative Fitness

There is no record of differences in fitness or competitiveness of these resistant biotypes when compared to that of normal susceptible biotypes.  If you have any information pertaining to the fitness of Group A/1 resistant Ripgut Brome from Victoria please update the database.
 
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CONTRIBUTING WEED SCIENTISTS

PETER BOUTSALIS
Postdoctural Fellow/ Consultant
University Of Adelaide / Plant Science Consulting
Plant And Pest Science
800 N Lindbergh Blvd
02G
Adelaide, 5064, South Australia
Australia
Email Peter Boutsalis
JOHN BROSTER
Research Agronomist
Charles Sturt University
EH Graham Centre
Locked Bag 588
Wagga Wagga, 2678, New South Wales
Australia
Email John Broster
CHRISTOPHER PRESTON
Research Agronomist
University Of Adelaide - Waite Campus
Crc For Australian Weed Management And School Of Agriculture
Box 2146
Adelaide, 5064, South Australia
Australia
Email Christopher Preston

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

The Herbicide Resistance Action Committee, The Weed Science Society of America, and weed scientists in Victoria have been instrumental in providing you this information. Particular thanks is given to Peter Boutsalis, John Broster, and Christopher Preston for providing detailed information.
Herbicide Resistant Ripgut Brome Globally
(Bromus diandrus)
Herbicide Resistant Ripgut Brome Globally
(Bromus diandrus)
Drag a column header and drop it here to group by that column
Herbicide Resistant Ripgut Brome Globally
(Bromus diandrus)
#CountryFirstYearSituationActive IngredientsSite of Action
1 Australia (Victoria) AustraliaVictoria1999 Cereals, and Winter pulses clethodim, fluazifop-P-butyl, haloxyfop-methyl, quizalofop-P-ethyl, and tepraloxydim 1 ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
197Bromus diandrusRipgut Brome5467
2 Australia (South Australia) AustraliaSouth Australia2011 Wheat mesosulfuron-methyl, and pyroxsulam 1 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
197Bromus diandrusRipgut Brome5580
3 Australia (South Australia) AustraliaSouth Australia2011 Fencelines, and Wheat glyphosate 1 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
197Bromus diandrusRipgut Brome5597
Literature about Similar Cases

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Cite this site as: Heap, I.  The International Survey of Herbicide Resistant Weeds.  Online.  Internet.  Monday, October 23, 2017 .  Available  www.weedscience.org
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