International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds

Countries Weeds Herbicides Mutations Graphs References Researchers
GROUP O/4 RESISTANT CATCHWEED BEDSTRAW
(Galium aparine)


Synthetic Auxins (O/4)

China
INTRODUCTION CATCHWEED BEDSTRAW
Catchweed Bedstraw (Galium aparine) is a dicot weed in the Rubiaceae family.  In China this weed first evolved resistance to Group O/4 herbicides in 2014 and infests Wheat.   Group O/4 herbicides are known as Synthetic Auxins (Synthetic auxins (action like indoleacetic acid)).  Research has shown that these particular biotypes are resistant to fluroxypyr and they may be cross-resistant to other Group O/4 herbicides.

The 'Group' letters/numbers that you see throughout this web site refer to the classification of herbicides by their site of action. To see a full list of herbicides and HRAC herbicide classifications click here.

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QUIK STATS (last updated Jan 20, 2015 )

Common NameCatchweed Bedstraw
SpeciesGalium aparine
GroupSynthetic Auxins (O/4)
Herbicidesfluroxypyr
LocationChina
Year2014
Situation(s)Wheat
Contributors - (Alphabetically)Liyao Dong, and Li Jun 
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ACADEMIC ASPECTS

Confirmation Tests

Greenhouse, and Laboratory trials comparing a known susceptible Catchweed Bedstraw biotype with this Catchweed Bedstraw biotype have been used to confirm resistance. For further information on the tests conducted please contact the local weed scientists that provided this information.
 
Genetics

Genetic studies on Group O/4 resistant Catchweed Bedstraw have not been reported to the site.  There may be a note below or an article discussing the genetics of this biotype in the Fact Sheets and Other Literature
 
Mechanism of Resistance

The mechanism of resistance for this biotype is either unknown or has not been entered in the database.  If you know anything about the mechanism of resistance for this biotype then please update the database.
 
Relative Fitness

There is no record of differences in fitness or competitiveness of these resistant biotypes when compared to that of normal susceptible biotypes.  If you have any information pertaining to the fitness of Group O/4 resistant Catchweed Bedstraw from China please update the database.
 
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CONTRIBUTING WEED SCIENTISTS

LIYAO DONG
Weed Scientist
Nanjing Agricultural University
Laboratory of Integrated Pest Management on Crops in East China
College of Plant Protection
Nanjing, 210095, Jiangsu
China
Email Liyao Dong
LI JUN
Weed Scientist
Nanjing Agricultural University
Laboratory of Integrated Pest Management on Crops in East China
College of Plant Protection
Nanjing, 210095, Jiangsu
China
Email Li Jun

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

The Herbicide Resistance Action Committee, The Weed Science Society of America, and weed scientists in China have been instrumental in providing you this information. Particular thanks is given to Liyao Dong, and Li Jun for providing detailed information.
Herbicide Resistant Catchweed Bedstraw Globally
(Galium aparine)
Herbicide Resistant Catchweed Bedstraw Globally
(Galium aparine)
Drag a column header and drop it here to group by that column
Herbicide Resistant Catchweed Bedstraw Globally
(Galium aparine)
#CountryFirstYearSituationActive IngredientsSite of Action
1 ChinaChina 2007 Winter wheat tribenuron-methyl 9 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
272Galium aparineCatchweed Bedstraw5607
2 ChinaChina 2014 Wheat fluroxypyr 9 Synthetic Auxins (O/4)
272Galium aparineCatchweed Bedstraw10952
3 IranIran 2016 Wheat 2,4-D, and MCPA 79 Synthetic Auxins (O/4)
272Galium aparineCatchweed Bedstraw16083
4 IranIran 2017 Wheat tribenuron-methyl 79 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
272Galium aparineCatchweed Bedstraw15064
5 TurkeyTurkey 2008 Winter wheat chlorsulfuron, iodosulfuron-methyl-sodium, mesosulfuron-methyl, thifensulfuron-methyl, triasulfuron, and tribenuron-methyl 71 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
272Galium aparineCatchweed Bedstraw7814
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Cite this site as: Heap, I.  The International Survey of Herbicide Resistant Weeds.  Online.  Internet.  Saturday, September 23, 2017 .  Available  www.weedscience.org
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