International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds

Countries Weeds Herbicides Mutations Graphs References Researchers
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Herbicide Resistant Junglerice Globally
(Echinochloa colona)
Herbicide Resistant Junglerice Globally
(Echinochloa colona)
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Herbicide Resistant Junglerice Globally
(Echinochloa colona)
#CountryFirstYearSituationActive IngredientsSite of Action
1 ArgentinaArgentina 2009 Corn (maize), and Soybean glyphosate 48 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
78Echinochloa colonaJunglerice5544
2 Australia (New South Wales ) AustraliaNew South Wales 2004 Sorghum atrazine 1 Photosystem II inhibitors (C1/5)
78Echinochloa colonaJunglerice5336
3 Australia (New South Wales ) AustraliaNew South Wales 2007 Fallow glyphosate 1 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
78Echinochloa colonaJunglerice5297
4 Australia (Queensland) AustraliaQueensland2009 Fallow glyphosate 1 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
78Echinochloa colonaJunglerice5514
5 Australia (Western Australia) AustraliaWestern Australia2010 Cotton, Rice, and Watermelon glyphosate 1 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
78Echinochloa colonaJunglerice5581
6 BoliviaBolivia 2006 Rice, and Soybean cyhalofop-butyl, fenoxaprop-P-ethyl, fluazifop-P-butyl, and haloxyfop-P-methyl 4 ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
78Echinochloa colonaJunglerice5413
7 BoliviaBolivia 2006 Rice bispyribac-sodium 4 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
78Echinochloa colonaJunglerice5414
8 ColombiaColombia 1988 Rice propanil 10 PSII inhibitor (Ureas and amides) (C2/7)
78Echinochloa colonaJunglerice71
9 ColombiaColombia 2000 Rice quinclorac 10 Synthetic Auxins (O/4)
78Echinochloa colonaJunglerice5141
10 Costa RicaCosta Rica 1987 Rice propanil 11 PSII inhibitor (Ureas and amides) (C2/7)
78Echinochloa colonaJunglerice72
11 Costa RicaCosta Rica 1994 Rice fenoxaprop-P-ethyl 11 ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
78Echinochloa colonaJunglerice75
12 Costa RicaCosta Rica 1998 Rice azimsulfuron, fenoxaprop-P-ethyl, and propanil 11 Multiple Resistance: 3 Sites of Action
ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
ALS inhibitors (B/2)
PSII inhibitor (Ureas and amides) (C2/7)
78Echinochloa colonaJunglerice5147
13 Costa RicaCosta Rica 2013 Rice bispyribac-sodium, cyhalofop-butyl, imazapic, and imazapyr 11 Multiple Resistance: 2 Sites of Action
ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
ALS inhibitors (B/2)
78Echinochloa colonaJunglerice7886
14 EgyptEgypt 2012 Rice bispyribac-sodium 15 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
78Echinochloa colonaJunglerice7896
15 El SalvadorEl Salvador 1999 Rice propanil 83 PSII inhibitor (Ureas and amides) (C2/7)
78Echinochloa colonaJunglerice5150
16 GuatemalaGuatemala 1999 Rice propanil 84 PSII inhibitor (Ureas and amides) (C2/7)
78Echinochloa colonaJunglerice5152
17 HondurasHonduras 1999 Rice propanil 85 PSII inhibitor (Ureas and amides) (C2/7)
78Echinochloa colonaJunglerice5151
18 IranIran 2009 Sugarcane for sugar ametryn, atrazine, and metribuzin 79 Photosystem II inhibitors (C1/5)
78Echinochloa colonaJunglerice5486
19 NicaraguaNicaragua 2000 Rice fenoxaprop-P-ethyl 60 ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
78Echinochloa colonaJunglerice5148
20 PanamaPanama 1999 Rice propanil 82 PSII inhibitor (Ureas and amides) (C2/7)
78Echinochloa colonaJunglerice5153
21 United States (California) United StatesCalifornia2008 Corn (maize), Cotton, Fencelines, Grapes, Orchards, and Roadsides glyphosate 45 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
78Echinochloa colonaJunglerice5545
22 United States (Arkansas) United StatesArkansas2011 Rice imazethapyr, propanil, and quinclorac (MOA in monocots) 45 Multiple Resistance: 3 Sites of Action
ALS inhibitors (B/2)
PSII inhibitor (Ureas and amides) (C2/7)
Cellulose inhibitors (L/26)
78Echinochloa colonaJunglerice10956
23 VenezuelaVenezuela 2000 Rice propanil 80 PSII inhibitor (Ureas and amides) (C2/7)
78Echinochloa colonaJunglerice5149
24 VenezuelaVenezuela 2008 Rice fluazifop-P-butyl, and glyphosate 80 Multiple Resistance: 2 Sites of Action
ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
78Echinochloa colonaJunglerice10950
25 VenezuelaVenezuela 2010 Rice bispyribac-sodium, cyhalofop-butyl, and propanil 80 Multiple Resistance: 3 Sites of Action
ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
ALS inhibitors (B/2)
PSII inhibitor (Ureas and amides) (C2/7)
78Echinochloa colonaJunglerice5555
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Cite this site as: Heap, I.  The International Survey of Herbicide Resistant Weeds.  Online.  Internet.  Tuesday, May 30, 2017 .  Available  www.weedscience.org
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